Install Python MongoDB Driver PyMongo on Ubuntu/CentOS 7/Windows
MongoDB and Python make a powerful combination for rapid development of scalable applications. MongoDB is fast and scalable in storing, and also flexible in querying data. For the modern Web and mobile applications, MongoDB NoSQL database is likely a better fit than traditional relational database management system.
In order to be able to connect to MongoDB with Python, you need to install the Python MongoDB driver package also called the PyMongo driver.
In this tutorial we will learn how to install PyMongo driver on Linux(Ubuntu 16.04/CentOS 7) and Microsoft Windows.
Install PyMongo on Ubuntu Linux
In Ubuntu Two different PyMongo packages available for Python version 3 and version 2.
For Python3, install the python3-pymongo package:
sudo apt-get install python3-pymongo
For Python 2:
sudo apt-get install python-pymongo
To test pymongo driver on Ubuntu, execute the command:
python3 -c "import pymongo"
IF Python did not raise an ImportError, Then the driver is installed correctly.
Install PyMongo on CentOS 7
The epel repository provides PyMongo on CentOS 7 (For both versions 2 and 3).
First enable the epel repository:
yum -y install epel-release
Install python-pymongo package for Python 2:
yum -y install python-pymongo
For Python 3, we need to install pip command, then mongodb driver using the pip command:
yum -y install python34-pip pip3 install pymongo
Install PyMongo Driver on Windows 10/Server 2016
On windows we install MongoDB driver using the pip command, Open the windows command prompt and execute:
pip install pymongo
(The pip command is available from the windows Python 3 package by default.)
Example: connect to MongoDB Server in Python
To test the database connection, add following code to your python script and execute. The program will print the list of the names of all databases on the local server.
#!/usr/bin/python3 from pymongo import MongoClient client = MongoClient() print(client.database_names()) client.close()
The Python MongoClient object provides the functionality to connect to the MongoDB and access NoSQL database server.