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How to Install Ubuntu on Windows 10

Ubuntu on Windows is a Windows 10 app that runs on Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), which is an Application compatibility layer for running Linux operating systems natively on Microsoft Windows.

install ubuntu on windows 10

Installing Ubuntu on Windows 10 involves a two-step process: First we enable the Windows Subsystem for Linux feature from the control panel then we install the Ubuntu app from the Microsoft store.

Enable Windows Subsystem for Linux

First we must enable the WSL Feature. Open Control panel (Start button > Windows System), go to Programs category and Select Turn Windows features on or off.

First we must enable the WSL Feature.

Find the feature called Windows Subsystem for Linux, then activate the checkbox and click the OK button.

Enable Windows Subsystem for Linux

This will install the WSL feature and ask you to restart your PC at the end of the process. You must restart your computer before you use this feature.

Install Ubuntu Operating System

Once you are back in Windows, open the Microsoft store from the start menu and search Ubuntu.

Open the Microsoft store from the start menu and search Ubuntu.

Select the top result, as shown in the following screenshot, and install the app once the detail page loads.

Install Ubuntu Operating System

After that, a shortcut will be available in the start menu to open the new Ubuntu App.

Run ubuntu on windows 10

The first time you start Ubuntu, you will be prompted to create a username and password.

Bash on Ubuntu on Windows

Congratulations! Now you have the access to the Ubuntu bash shell within your Windows 10 PC, Without a hypervisor or dual booting.

Run the lsb_release -a command to find out the version of Ubuntu that was installed.

Running Ubuntu 20.04 on Windows 10
Running Ubuntu 20.04 on Windows 10

Windows file system (C: drive) is mounted into the Ubuntu subsystem under /mnt/c mount point.

WSL Windows File System

Now you have an Ubuntu development environment with access to the bash command line directly on Windows 10, without the overhead of running a virtual machine.

When you install Ubuntu on Windows, the most recent LTS version (20.04 LTS as for now) will be installed. Ubuntu 18.04 is also available as an app if you want.