How to Install Git on Windows 10
This article details the steps of installing and configuring Git on Microsoft Windows 10. Git is a version control system, a system that keeps track of any modifications in the source code. It keeps different versions of your source code so we can easily retrieve a previous version of your code when you make a mistake.
We can install Git Bash on Windows 10 using the Chocolatey software package manager.
Our first step is to install Chocolatey, if not installed already on your Windows 10 PC. We can do this by opening a PowerShell Window (as Administrator) and running the following command:
Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))
After that, we need to close and reopen the PowerShell.
To install Git for Windows with Chocolatey, execute the following command:
choco install -y git
Close and Reopen the PowerShell again. Then, check whether Git has installed successfully with the following command:
Configuring and Initializing a Repository
Before using Git in a project, we need to configure git with our username and e-mail address.
git config --global user.name your_username git config --global user.email email@example.com
To check the configuration settings for your repository, you can run the following command:
git config --global --list
If you have a project folder that is not currently using Git version control, open the folder, right-click on an empty place on the folder and choose the menu item "Git Bash Here". It will open the Windows Git Bash terminal in your current working directory.
To initialize the new project, run the following command in the terminal:
git init command is the command that allows us to create a local repository in Windows 10. The init command creates the .git subfolder (inside your current working directory) that contains all of the folders and configuration files of the local repository.